Prepsure.com provides the abundant abridgement of Zoology alternative for UPSC IAS Civil Services Main Written Examination The Zoology alternative comprises of Paper I and Paper II of 250 marks each. Out of 1750 absolute marks of the UPSC IAS Civil Services Main Written Examination, it accounts for 500 i.e. about 30%. Accustomed its aerial weightage in the UPSC IAS Civil Services Main Written Examination, it has to be accustomed acceptable attention. As the abridgement is able-bodied authentic by UPSC in the notification, it is acute for the candidates to accept an in abyss and absolute compassionate to anticipate the akin of alertness required.
In Zoology optional, there are 6 capacity in Paper 1 and 7 capacity in Paper 2. The abridgement for Zoology Alternative as appear in the UPSC IAS Civil Services Main Notification 2015 is accustomed below.
PAPER – I
1. Non-chordata and Chordata:
(a) Allocation and accord of assorted phyla up to subclasses: Acoelomate and Coelomate, Protostomes and Deuterostomes, Bilateria and Radiata; Cachet of Protista, Parazoa, Onychophora and Hemichordata; Symmetry.(b) Protozoa: Locomotion, nutrition, reproduction, sex; Accepted appearance and activity history of Paramaecium, Monocystis, Plasmodium andLeishmania.(c) Porifera: Skeleton, aqueduct arrangement and reproduction.(d) Cnidaria: Polymorphism, arresting structures and their mechanism; apricot reefs and their formation; metagenesis; accepted appearance andlife history of Obelia and Aurelia.(e) Platyhelminthes: Abject adaptation; accepted appearance and activity history of Fasciola and Taenia and their pathogenic symptoms.(f) Nemathelminthes: Accepted features, activity history, abject adjustment of Ascaris and Wuchereria.(g) Annelida: Coelom and metamerism; modes of activity in polychaetes; accepted appearance and activity history of Nereis, earthworm and leach.(h) Arthropoda: Abecedarian forms and parasitism in Crustacea; eyes and respiration in arthropods (Prawn, cockroach and scorpion); modification of aperture genitalia in insects (cockroach, mosquito, housefly, honey bee and butterfly); alteration in insect and its hormonal regulation, amusing behaviour of Apis and termites.(i) Mollusca: Feeding, respiration, locomotion, accepted appearance and activity history of Lamellidens, Pila and Sepia, bewilderment and detorsion in gastropods.(j) Echinodermata: Feeding, respiration, locomotion, abecedarian forms, accepted appearance and activity history of Asterias.(k) Protochordata: Agent of chordates; accepted appearance and activity history of Branchiostoma and Herdmania.(l) Pisces: Respiration, locomotion and migration.(m) Amphibia: Agent of tetrapods, affectionate care, paedomorphosis.(n) Reptilia: Agent of reptiles, skull types, cachet of Sphenodon and crocodiles.(o) Aves: Agent of birds, flight adaptation, migration.(p) Mammalia: Agent of mammals, dentition, accepted appearance of egg laying mammals, pouched-mammals, amphibian mammals and primates,endocrine glands (pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, pancreas, gonads) and their interrelationships.(q) Comparative anatomic assay of assorted systems of vertebrates (integument and its derivatives, endoskeleton, locomotory organs,digestive system, respiratory system, circulatory arrangement including affection and aortic arches, urino-genital system, academician and faculty organs(eye and ear).
(a) Biosphere: Abstraction of biosphere; biomes, Biogeochemical cycles, Beastly induced changes in atmosphere including blooming abode effect,ecological succession, biomes and ecotones, association ecology.(b) Abstraction of ecosystem; anatomy and activity of ecosystem, types of ecosystem, ecological succession, ecological adaptation.(c) Population; characteristics, citizenry dynamics, citizenry stabilization.(d) Biodiversity and assortment attention of accustomed resources.(e) Wildlife of India.(f) Remote assay for acceptable development.(g) Environmental biodegradation, abuse and its appulse on abode and its prevention.
(a) Behaviour: Sensory filtering, reponsiveness, assurance stimuli, acquirements and memory, instinct, habituation, conditioning, imprinting.(b) Role of hormones in drive; role of pheromones in anxiety spreading; crypsis, predator detection, predator tactics, amusing hierarchies in primates, amusing alignment in insects.(c) Orientation, navigation, homing, biological rhythms, biological clock, tidal, melancholia and circadian rhythms.(d) Methods of belief beastly behaviour including beastly conflict, selfishness, alikeness and altruism.
4. Economic Zoology:
(a) Apiculture, sericulture, lac culture, bother culture, fair culture, prawn culture, vermiculture.(b) Major catching and catching diseases (malaria, filaria, tuberculosis, cholera and AIDS) their vectors, bacilli and prevention.(c) Cattle and livestock diseases, their antibody (helminthes) and vectors (ticks, mites, Tabanus, Stomoxys).(d) Pests of amoroso pikestaff (Pyrilla perpusiella) oil berry (Achaea janata) and rice (Sitophilus oryzae).(e) Transgenic animals.(f) Medical biotechnology, beastly abiogenetic ache and abiogenetic counselling, gene therapy.(g) Forensic biotechnology.
5. Biostatistics: Designing of experiments; absent hypothesis; correlation, regression, administration and admeasurement of axial tendency, chi square, student-test, F-test (one-way & two-way F-test).
6. Instrumentation Methods:
(a) Spectrophotometer, appearance adverse and fluorescence microscopy, radioactive tracer, ultra centrifuge, gel electrophoresis, PCR, ELISA,FISH and chromosome painting.(b) Electron microscopy (TEM, SEM).
PAPER – II
1. Corpuscle Biology:
(a) Anatomy and activity of corpuscle and its organelles (nucleus, claret membrane, mitochondria, Golgi bodies, endoplasmic reticulum, ribosomes, and lysosomes), corpuscle assay (mitosis and meiosis), mitotic arbor and mitotic apparatus, chromosome movements, chromosome blazon polytene and lambrush, alignment of chromatin, heterochromatin, Corpuscle aeon regulation.(b) Nucleic acerbic topology, DNA motif, DNA replication, transcription, RNA processing, translation, protein foldings and transport.
(a) Modern abstraction of gene, breach gene, abiogenetic regulation, abiogenetic code.(b) Sex chromosomes and their evolution, sex assurance in Drosophila and man.(c) Mendel’s laws of inheritance, recombination, linkage, assorted alleles, assay of claret groups, full-blooded analysis, ancestral diseases inman.(d) Mutations and mutagenesis.(e) Recombinant DNA technology; plasmid, cosmid, bogus chromosomes as vectors, transgenic, DNA cloning and accomplished beastly cloning (principles and methods).(f) Gene adjustment and announcement in prokaryotes and eukaryotes.(g) Signal molecules, corpuscle death, defects in signaling alleyway and consequences.(h) RFLP, RAPD and AFLP and appliance of RFLP in DNA feel printing, ribozyme technologies, beastly genome project, genomics and protomics.
(a) Theories of agent of life.(b) Theories of evolution; Accustomed selection, role of mutations in evolution, evolutionary patterns, atomic drive, mimicry, variation, abreast and speciation.(c) Change of horse,
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